Pistachio is a native Iranian shrub that belongs to the peanut family with edible seeds. This shrub grows in dry areas and in warm or moderate climates. Due to its antioxidant properties, pistachios are useful for fighting cardiovascular diseases and types of cancer, and they contain large amounts of unsaturated fatty acids and potassium. In the following, we will examine and recognize the types of Iranian pistachios.
History of Iranian pistachios
In 2014, Iran was recognized as the largest exporter of pistachios in the world by exporting more than 191 thousand tons of Iranian pistachios. After Iran, America and Turkey are ranked second and third respectively among pistachio exporters in the world.
Pistachio is considered as one of the important components of Iranian nuts and dried fruits and has a very high nutritional value. Some people believe that the best and highest quality pistachios in the world belong to Iran.
Knowing the types of Iranian pistachios
As we said, botanically, more than 60 different species of pistachios have been identified in our country. The important thing about recognizing pistachios is that you cannot distinguish them among all kinds of pistachios by knowing only one or two characteristics of a type of pistachio. However, you can choose your desired dried fruit more confidently by checking some important features of Iranian pistachios. We will review some of these features below.
•The shell color of high-quality pistachios is clean and without stains.
•A good quality pistachio is completely smooth or has a split on one side.
•Pistachio nuts should not be moldy.
•If the number of closed pistachios in a handful of pistachios is high, do not buy it because the closed pistachios are a sign that they are unripe. Ripe pistachios are completely open or at least have a split on one side.
•Quality pistachios are uniform in size and appearance.
•The part of the pistachio kernel that is visible should be purple-red, grayish-red, or purple and brown.
•The greener the pistachio kernel is, the better it tastes.
•The pistachio nut should be pleasant and tasty and there should be no bitter taste in it.
•Pistachio nuts should not be too dry and wrinkled.
The price of pistachios in Iran and the factors affecting it
Due to the fluctuations of the Iranian market, it is not possible to state a specific price of pistachios because the price of pistachios in Iran is increasing or decreasing every day.
Various factors can be effective in pistachio pricing. For example, whether they are late or early or the amount of flowering of their trees in a year and…
Among other factors that are effective in determining the price of pistachios, we can mention the costs of growing pistachio trees, fertilizers, equipment and tools needed, etc. In addition, the correct and principled storage of pistachios is one of the influencing factors in the price of the product. It is natural that providing the right conditions for the proper storage of the product can play a significant role in maintaining its quality.
What are the reasons for the high price of pistachios in Iran?
The difficult conditions of pistachio tree production and cultivation, late maturity and fertility, low productivity of pistachio tree, high overhead cost and export are the factors that increase the price of pistachio.
best Iranian pistachios
The types of pistachios exported by Iran are Akbari, Fankhi, Ahmed Aghaei, Kale Ghochi and Badami, each of which is exported to the whole world in the form of pistachio nuts or smiling pistachios.
_This type of pistachio is produced in Razavi Khorasan, Kerman, Semnan and Yazd.
_The largest amount of production of this product belongs to Kerman region.
_This pistachio is purchased in sizes 18 to 30 in domestic and international markets.
Kale Ghochi pistachios
_The place of production of this product is mostly in Yazd, Khorasan and Kerman provinces.
_The highest amount of production of this type of pistachio is in the three provinces of Yazd, Khorasan, Razavi and Kerman.
_Kale Ghochi pistachios are available in the market in sizes 18 to 32.
_This pistachio is produced in many provinces of the country.
_Fandoghi pistachio is the most important type of pistachio exported in Iran.
_The highest amount of production of this type of pistachio is in Kerman region.
_Fandoghi pistachios are sold in the market in sizes 24 to 42.
Pistachio Ahmad Aghaei
_This type of pistachio is produced in Yazd and Kerman provinces.
_The highest amount of pistachio production in Ahmad Aghaei belongs to Kerman region.
_This type of pistachio is available in sizes 22 to 34 in the markets of Iran and the world.
_The main place of cultivation of this type of pistachio is Khorasan region, but it is also produced in small quantities in Yazd and Kerman provinces.
_The largest amount of production of this product belongs to Khorasan province.
_Badami pistachios are available in the market in sizes 24 to 38.
The main areas of pistachio production in Iran
The main areas of pistachio production in Iran that play a significant role in the annual per capita production are Kerman Province, Khorasan Province, Yazd Province, Semnan Province, Markazi Province, Qazvin Province
pistachio harvest season in Iran
In fact, the pistachio harvest season in Iran and in different provinces does not differ much and it is done almost in one season (September), for example, Rafsanjan city located in Kerman province, where the largest pistachio orchards in Iran and the world are located. It is from the end of August (15 to 20 August) to the end of September (between 20 and 25 September).
What is an ounce?
Pistachio ounce or pistachio size is a numerical measure to show its size. To calculate pistachios, 142 grams of pistachios are divided into groups of 5. The number of these groups determines pistachio nuts. For example, Akbari pistachios, which have a large size, have 20-22 ounces, and hazelnut pistachios, which have a small size, have 28-30 ounces.
The lower the ounce of pistachio, or in other words, the larger the size of the pistachio, the higher its price. For example, the price of Akbari pistachios is 20-22 Anas higher than other pistachios. Usually Akbari pistachios and Kale Ghochi are inferior to Ahmad Aghaei and Fandoghi varieties.
Ounce between 20 and 22: very big
Ounce between 22-24: large
Ounce between 24-26: average
Ounce above 26: small
kilo of pistachios
Considering that Iran is one of the major countries producing and exporting all kinds of pistachios, it can be said that the market for buying and selling this product is booming and many people are always looking for investment in this field. This product is distributed in the market in different flavors such as saffron, angelica, salt, etc., each of which has its own customers and markets.
where to buy Iran pistachio
You have different options to buy pistachios in Iran. One of these options is that you can buy high quality Iranian pistachios from various chain stores. But if you plan to buy ice cream online, there are also online stores to buy pistachios online that sell high-quality pistachios. In addition to the online stores of all kinds of pistachio brands in Iran that we mentioned earlier in the article, they also sell pistachios online and on their websites.